Modern interior design has its roots firmly planted in the soils of the early 19th century developing throughout the 20th century. The modernism movement unfolded as it moved away from using traditional building and design materials like wood, brick, and stone, and instead began to focus on industrial materials, like glass, steel, and concrete.

Whether your go-to interior inspiration is Instagram or Pinterest, or you have the luxury of an interior designer to help you, two of the biggest movements in interior design are minimalism and maximalism. But what exactly are these two design trends?



Minimalism is based on the concepts of simplicity, with influences taken from Japanese gardens and Scandinavian design. It can often seem austere, however, the idea of this design is to streamline the components of living.

Minimalism provides a clear lifestyle for the homeowner to enjoy by creating a room in which every piece of furniture, shelf, cupboard or work of art has a distinct and necessary function within the space.

With its roots in modern interior design, the form is also an essential element at play in minimalist interiors, pieces are chosen because they connect with each other, the space they are in and the exterior they look out and onto, altogether they provide the perfect edit of a calming aesthetic.



Maximalism is viewed as a push back against minimalism. The calming whites and minimal decor, and the ‘less is more’ philosophy is scrapped with maximalism, as colour, décor and ‘more is more’, are the go-to aspects of this design school of thought.

However, maximalism takes times to create, as it is a curation of layers and the organisation is critical to the overall effect, producing comfort, colour, and curiosity.

By slowing building up collections, be it houseplants, antique books or ceramic sculptures, you will eventually create an organically layered effect.

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